Sandbox vs Production Environment in Power Platform

Sandbox vs Production Environment in Power Platform: Unleashing the Power of Choice

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In this “Sandbox vs Production Environment in Power Platform” article, we will understand what a sandbox and production environment are in Power Platform. In traditional software development on an on-premise environment, we have a development server, a testing server, a staging server, a production server, etc.; similarly, Power Platform provides the feature to create a development environment, a testing environment, a production environment, etc. for the same purpose and needs.

In the dynamic landscape of today’s business world, organizations rely heavily on technology to streamline operations, drive efficiency, and enhance customer experiences. Microsoft’s Power Platform stands out as a transformative tool, offering a suite of apps, services, and connectors that empower users to create custom solutions for their unique business needs.

Central to this transformative process are the concepts of “sandbox” and “production” environments, which play a pivotal role in the development, testing, and deployment of Power Platform solutions. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into the sandbox vs. production environment debate, exploring their differences, benefits, and when to use each.

Sandbox vs Production Environment in Power Platform

Before getting into the article, let us briefly discuss the Power Platform.

Understanding the Power Platform

Before we dive into the specifics of sandbox and production environments, it’s crucial to have a solid grasp of what the Power Platform entails. Microsoft Power Platform comprises four core components:

  • Power Apps: A low-code/no-code application development platform that allows users to build custom apps tailored to their needs.
  • Power Automate: A workflow automation tool that helps automate business processes and integrate various applications.
  • Power BI: A business intelligence and data visualization tool that enables users to transform data into actionable insights.
  • Power Virtual Agents: A chatbot development platform for creating intelligent virtual agents.

These components collectively offer organizations a powerful toolbox to create, automate, and analyze data-driven solutions, providing a competitive edge in the digital era.

Sandbox Environment: The Playpen for Innovation

Following are the characteristics of sandbox environments: basically, this type of environment is used in pre-production for development and testing purposes. Refer to this article to create a sandbox environment in Power Platform.

Isolation and Safety:

Sandbox environments are the ideal starting point for any Power Platform project. They provide a controlled, isolated space where developers can experiment without the fear of affecting the live, operational system. This isolation ensures that any changes made in the sandbox won’t disrupt ongoing operations. For example, if you’re developing a new Power App that needs substantial changes or if you’re testing new functionality in a Power Automate flow, doing so in a sandbox prevents any unintended disruptions to your organization’s daily activities.

Version Control and Collaboration:

Sandbox environments support robust version control and facilitate collaboration among team members. Multiple developers can work on projects simultaneously, and version control mechanisms enable them to track changes, merge code, and ensure consistency in the application. This is crucial for large-scale projects or when multiple teams are involved in development, ensuring that everyone is on the same page and that code changes can be easily managed and rolled back if necessary.

Testing and Validation

Thorough testing is a cornerstone of successful Power Platform development. In sandbox environments, you can conduct comprehensive testing of Power Apps, Power Automate flows, and other components before promoting them to production. This testing phase helps identify and address any issues or bugs, ensuring a smooth user experience in the production environment. It’s also a space to validate whether your solutions meet the intended business requirements before they impact real-world operations.

Security and Compliance

Security and compliance are paramount considerations in any Power Platform project. Sandbox environments are equipped with robust security features that enforce access controls and data protection policies. This ensures that sensitive data remains confidential and complies with regulatory requirements. Data masking, access permissions, and auditing can all be configured to align with your organization’s security and compliance standards.

Production Environment: Where Business Thrives

Following are the characteristics of production environments: Basically, this type of environment is used in production (final deployment), where the codes stay and get executed permanently.

Reliability and Performance

The production environment is where your Power Platform solutions come to life, serving as the operational backbone of your organization. This environment must prioritize reliability and performance. It needs to be stable, able to handle the demands of business operations without interruptions, and capable of scaling to accommodate growing user bases and data volumes. Downtime or performance issues in the production environment can have severe consequences, impacting customer experiences and business operations.

Data Integrity

Data in the production environment is the heart of your organization’s operations. It must be accurate, consistent, and secure. Data integrity ensures that the information your organization relies on is reliable and trustworthy. This is where the final, approved versions of Power Platform solutions reside, and any changes made here directly affect day-to-day business activities.

High Availability

High availability is non-negotiable for the production environment. Organizations depend on continuous access to critical business applications, and any downtime can result in lost revenue and damaged reputations. To ensure high availability, production environments often employ failover mechanisms and redundancy. This means that if one server or data center experiences an issue, the system seamlessly switches to another to minimize disruption.

Monitoring and Analytics

To maintain optimal performance in the production environment, robust monitoring and analytics capabilities are essential. Administrators need to be able to detect and address issues promptly. This involves real-time monitoring of system health, performance metrics, and security events. Additionally, historical data and analytics help in identifying trends, optimizing resource allocation, and making data-driven decisions for ongoing improvements.

Choosing the Right Environment: Sandbox or Production

The choice between sandbox and production environments should align with your organization’s goals and the stage of development:

  • Development and Testing: Sandbox Environment
  • New Solutions: When creating entirely new Power Apps, Power Automate flows, or Power BI reports, it’s best to start in a sandbox to develop and test them thoroughly.
  • Prototyping: Sandboxes are perfect for prototyping and experimenting with new ideas. You can quickly build and test concepts without affecting the production environment.
  • Major Changes: If you’re planning significant changes to existing solutions, doing so in a sandbox first allows you to validate the changes before deploying them to production.
  • Deployment and Live Operations: Production Environment
  • Ready for Deployment: When your Power Platform solution is mature, tested, and meets business requirements, it’s time to promote it to the production environment for real-world use.
  • Day-to-Day Operations: Production environments are the backbone of your organization’s daily activities. They must be optimized for reliability and performance.
  • Critical Systems: For critical systems that are used extensively and require high availability and data integrity, the production environment is the only suitable choice.

Summary: Sandbox vs Production Environment in Power Platform

The sandbox vs. production environment decision in Power Platform development embodies the essential balance between innovation and reliability. Sandbox environments foster creativity, experimentation, and testing, ensuring that new ideas can be explored without risk to ongoing operations. On the other hand, production environments are the bedrock of your organization’s digital infrastructure, demanding high reliability, data integrity, and performance.

By understanding the nuances of each environment and choosing the right one for the appropriate stage of development, organizations can harness the full potential of the Power Platform. Embrace the power of choice, and your business will thrive in the ever-evolving world of technology, effectively leveraging the Power Platform to drive digital transformation and stay competitive.

FAQs: Environment in Power Platform

Following are the various questions that are frequently asked by Power Platform users:

What are the different types of environments in Power Platform?

In the Power Platform, there are several types of environments, each serving a specific purpose in the development, testing, and deployment of Power Platform solutions. These environments provide a structured way to manage and organize your Power Apps, Power Automate flows, Power BI reports, and other assets.

At the high level, we have the following types of environments in Power Platform:

  • Trial
  • Developer
  • Sandbox
  • Production

To create a new environment in Power Platform, you need to login to the Power Platform Admin Center using the Power Platform Administrator login. Then, from the environments section, click on the “New” link, where on the right side panel we can see the types of environments available in Power Platform.

Types of environments in Power Platform - Create new environment
Types of environments in Power Platform – Create new environment

However, using the main category mentioned above, we can create many subcategories of environments, as described below.

Sandbox Environment:


Sandboxes are dedicated spaces for development and testing.

Key Characteristics:

  •   Isolated from the production environment to prevent disruptions.
  •   Supports collaborative development and version control.
  •   Ideal for prototyping, experimentation, and testing new features.
  •  Security and compliance features are in place to protect data.

Use Cases:

  • Developing and testing new solutions, prototyping, and validating changes before deploying to production.


Production Environment:


The production environment is the live, operational environment where end-users interact with Power Platform solutions.

Key Characteristics:

  • Optimized for reliability, performance, and high availability.
  • Houses the finalized and approved versions of Power Apps, Power Automate flows, and Power BI reports.
  • Data integrity and security are paramount.
  • Continuous monitoring and analytics are essential for maintaining optimal performance.

Use Cases:

  • Running business-critical operations, day-to-day activities, and ensuring data accuracy and consistency.

Development Environment:


  • Development environments are dedicated to the creation and refinement of solutions.

Key Characteristics:

  • Typically used by developers and solution architects.
  • Supports the creation of new Power Apps, Power Automate flows, and Power BI reports.
  • Development environments can be cloned from production or other environments to ensure consistency.

Use Cases:

  • Creating new solutions, refining existing ones, and preparing them for testing in sandbox environments.

Test Environment:


  • Test environments are used for validating and quality assurance.

Key Characteristics:

  • Isolated from production to prevent disruptions.
  • Used for thorough testing of solutions to identify and address issues.
  • Test environments may mimic the production environment’s configuration to ensure accuracy.

Use Cases:

  • Comprehensive testing of solutions before promoting them to production.

UAT (User Acceptance Testing) Environment:


  • UAT environments are for end-users to validate and accept new solutions before deployment to production.

Key Characteristics:

  • Configured to simulate the production environment.
  • End-users and stakeholders use UAT environments to ensure solutions meet their requirements and expectations.

Use Cases:

  • User acceptance testing, validating that solutions meet business needs and user expectations.

Integration Environment:


  • Integration environments facilitate the testing and integration of Power Platform solutions with other systems and services.

Key Characteristics:

  • Used for testing data integrations, API connections, and third-party service integrations.
  • Ensures that solutions interact seamlessly with external systems.

Use Cases:

  • Testing and validating integrations with external data sources, services, or APIs.

Stage Environment:


  • Stage environments are intermediary environments used for pre-production testing and validation.

Key Characteristics:

  • Solutions are deployed to stage environments before they are promoted to production.
  • Allow for final testing and validation before the production rollout.

Use Cases:

  • Final pre-production testing, ensuring readiness for deployment to the production environment.

These different types of environments in the Power Platform provide a structured and organized approach to developing, testing, and deploying solutions, ultimately ensuring the success and reliability of your digital transformation initiatives. Properly managing and utilizing these environments is essential for maintaining the integrity and efficiency of your Power Platform implementations.

How do I change the environment type from sandbox to production or vice versa?

Power Platform does provide flexibility for admin users to change environments from one type to another, for example, from sandbox to production or from production to sandbox. To do this, we need to follow the below steps:

  • Go to the Power Platform admin center and sign in using your Environment Admin or System Administrator role credentials.
  • From the left-side menu, select Environments, and then select an environment to change.
  • Select Convert to production or Convert to sandbox.
  • Select Continue.

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