3 Top Roles in Scrum Framework

3 Top roles in Scrum project

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This is my 4th article on Scrum learning, today as part of this Scrum learning, I have chosen what are the various roles are available in Scrum, as per my Scrum practice, we follow the three roles hierarchy – I mean there are main three roles in the Scrum framework. 

Key-Highlights: What you will learn from this tutorial?

  • Various roles available in the Scrum
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Product Owner in Scrum?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Master in Scrum?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Team?
  • Recommended scrum development team size

Various Roles available in the Scrum

There are top 3 roles in the scrum, those are as below:

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Scrum Developer (Development Team)

What are the roles and responsibilities of the Product Owner in Scrum?

In the hierarchy of roles, this guy will be on top, He advocates for stakeholders and is the voice of business people, stakeholders, etc, the new requirements get created in the product backlog by the product owner.

When the business team or stakeholder comes across a new requirement, first they will take the discussion forward with the product owner, then the product owner creates the new requirement either as a new feature in the epic, user story in the existing feature.

Further, the product owner takes this new requirement forward with the Scrum Master and Scrum development team.

The product owner is primarily responsible for Sprint planning, grooming, review, and retrospective meeting.

The product owner plans a new Sprint along with the Scrum development team, in between running the Sprint conduct the Sprint grooming meeting, followed by Sprint review and retrospective meeting.

What are the roles and responsibilities of the Product Owner in Scrum
What are the roles and responsibilities of the Product Owner in Scrum?

In general, we can have the below bullets when we talk about the product owner roles and responsibilities:

  • Defining the short term and long term vision for the team.
  • Managing the product backlog (primary responsibility).
  • Prioritizing and ordering work items in the Product Backlog.
  • Tracks sprint progress towards the release of a product.
  • Ensures user stories are “ready” for development to start work by writing the detailed description.
  • Ensures users have acceptance criteria.
  • Ensures severity is set to the user stories. 
  • Define customer needs and the associated features to meet those needs.
  • Advocates on behalf of the customer for the development team.
  • If the sprint progress does not go well, the product owner has the authority to move the user story from the sprint backlog to the product backlog. 
  • The product owner has complete authority if the sprint completely deviates from the actual plan.
  • The product owner should have good technical and functional knowledge about the product and can help with the development if needs.

What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Master in Scrum?

After the production owner roles, it comes to the roles of the scrum master. He is the second important man in the scrum pillar. If we compare the traditional way of team forming, the scrum master can be compared with the team leader – though it is not exactly true, however for our understanding we can compare it. In simple we can say, he is the middle man between the scrum development team and product owner – he always will be supporting the product owner. Before the sprint planning meeting, he makes ready for all scrum events like planning, daily standup, grooming, review, and retro meeting. And also, updated the capacity and velocity planning, then hand over this process to the product owner in the planning meeting.

roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Master in Scrum
roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Master in Scrum

In general, we can have the below bullets when we talk about the scrum master roles and responsibilities:

  • Arranging daily standup meetings.
  • Ensures burn down in the VSTS tool is correct, he should frequently monitor this burndown graph.
  • Removes impediment or obstacle if the team has any.
  • Ensures team has required facilities so that team can be effective and productive.
  • Ensures no tasks or user stories have been added to the Sprint Backlog by any of the team members after the planning happened.
  • Establish and maintain good collaboration and relationship between the scrum development team 
  • Co-ordinate with the team members if they face any technical challenges.

What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Team?

This is the core scrum team or development team that does the planned sprint tasks.

Roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Team
Roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Team

The main roles and responsibilities of the scrum team are as below:

  • Work on the planned user stories and tasks.
  • Keep scrum master and team updated about the ongoing work.
  • Actively, participate in scrum daily standup meetings, bring the impediment to the table, if they have any – and keep the team transparent.
  • Actively, participate in scrum planning, review, and retrospective meeting.
  • Help scrum master and product owner to organize the Backlog.
  • Scrum Team should be self-organizing
  • The ideal scrum team recommended being Cross-Functional with all the skills as a team necessary to create a product Increment.
  • Individual development team members may have specialized skills and areas of focus, but accountability belongs to the development team as a whole – this should be the common goal of an ideal team.

Recommended Scrum development team size

The ideal size for development is between 3 and 9 people, not including the ScrumMaster and product owner, however, this is not mandatory – it depends on the team, scrum master, and product owner, and moreover, it depends on the product you are planning to work on. In a big team, managing the communication will be complex and cumbersome, so try to keep the team size smaller to medium.

Summary: What we had here?

Thus, in this article, we have learned the below with respect to various roles and responsibilities in the scrum:

  • Various roles available in the Scrum
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Product Owner in Scrum?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Master in Scrum?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum Team?
  • Recommended scrum development team size

See Also

You may also like the below Scrum articles:

Hope you have enjoyed reading this article and helped you. If you like to appreciate our efforts, please do share this with your friends and colleagues. 🙂

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